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KOS ISLAND GREECE

Kos Island
You're never far from sparkling waters and sun-drenched beaches on Kos. The island is small, but perfectly formed, leaving you within 11 kilometres of the coast wherever you are. So whether you want to bask in the glory of the island's archaeological heritage or lounge in the sun, a refreshing swim is never far away. Its extensive coastline may be the biggest draw-card for most visitors, however it has a long and proud history that has left a rich legacy.

Most Greek islands claim to be the home of something and Kos is no different. Hippocrates, who lived here, is said to be the father of modern medicine and the ruins at Asklepieion are those of a healing centre built on his teachings. In Kos town you'll find monuments and ruins around every corner. Perhaps the most famous is the 14th century Castle of the Knights which dominates the town. The size of Kos means exploration isn't too difficult, the best way to see the sights is by bike and with over 4,000 to hire you shouldn't have trouble finding one.

The beautiful harbor at Kos City is a popular place to park a yacht. The harbor is filled with sights and sounds both day and night as revelers party on boats just off the coast, and in bars, restaurants and clubs located on the harbor itself. Of course, there are locals here too, and small fishing boats make up the majority of the sea traffic. The island of Kos is inhabited by nearly 180,000 people, many of them still living the traditional lives of Greek fishermen.

For those who desire a quieter Kos vacation, the town of Kefalos is filled with the traditional and picturesque white washed-blue roofed houses with flank cliff-side roads. This slightly inland town on the western end of the island is still home to several beach-side resorts, though it is less popular with the college-aged crowd and was, just a few years ago, a simple fishing village. Kos town itself is a lively city and is home to possibly hundreds of hotels and villas. In the middle of summer, the city is filled with young European tourists on break from school and work and the nightclubs and parties are going non-stop. In the winter, life continues in Kos, but at a much slower pace. Of course, if at any time you tire of Kos, there are many Greek islands and the Turkish coast (such as Bodrum resort) nearby, each with their unique charm and beauty and easily accessibly by ferry as a day or weekend trip. Kos has long been loved by Greeks and the rest of the world, and the tradition continues. Like the many peoples and civilizations before you, you are sure to fall in love with Kos upon your entrance to its magnificent harbor; you may never want to leave.

Holidays in Kos Island GREECE
Holidays on Kos feature a long narrow island close to the coast of Turkey with 25 miles of fine beaches and a typically Greek hot sunny climate. Kos is particularly popular with British holidaymakers looking for a package holiday to the Greek islands. Most holiday places are based in the two major resorts of Kardamaena and Kos town. Hotels are concentrated in beach resorts like Lambi and Psalidi on the popular east coast. Quieter holidays are offered in the smaller resorts of the north coast. Most of the beaches offer exciting watersports and professional scuba diving courses. Kos island offers enjoyable mix of beach bars, Greek dancing, live music and discos, animated bars and tavernas serving Greek food and local wine alongside staple tourist favourites. The liveliest nightlife is found at Kardamena, with Kos town a close second. Nightlife in resorts like Kefalos will more likely revolve around quieter waterfront tavernas. Away from Kos beaches, you can find plenty of ancient remains and history, like the 14th century Castle of the Knights. The humble bicycle has become a uniquely important part of holidays in Kos, with thousands of bikes for hire and plenty of cycle lanes and flat countryside. Plenty of excursions offered through olive groves and mountains to visit hot springs and charming small villages like Lagoudi and Zia. Boat trips are available to the neighbouring islands of Kalymnos, Patmos and unspoilt Nissyros. Fast cat connections to Bodrum Turkey are also on high demand.

Information about Kos Island beaches
The beaches of Kos are no secret. Every foot of the 180 miles of mostly sandy coastline has been discovered.
Even so, for some reason, people pack themselves together in tight spaces. You can spot the package-tour sites from afar by their umbrellas, dividing the beach into plots measured in centimeters. Tingaki and Kardamena epitomize this avoidable phenomenon. Following are a few guidelines to help you in your quest for uncolonized sand. The beaches just 3 to 5 kilometers (2 to 3 miles) east of Kos town are among the least congested on the island, probably because they're pebbled rather than sandy. Even so, the view is splendid and the nearby hot springs worth a good soak. In summer, the water on the northern coast of the island is warmer and shallower than that on the south, though less clear due to stronger winds. If you walk down from the resorts and umbrellas, you'll find some relatively open stretches between Tingaki and Mastihari. The north side of the island is also best for windsurfing; try Tingaki and Marmara, where everything you need can be rented on the beach. A perfect day exploring the northwestern tip of the island would consist of a swim at Limnionas Bay followed by grilled red mullets at Taverna Miltos.

Opposite, on the southern coast, Kamel Beach and Magic Beach are less congested than Paradise Beach, which lies between them. Either can be reached on foot from Paradise Beach, a stop for the Kefalos bus. The southwestern waters are cooler yet calmer than those along the northern shore; and, apart from Kardamena and Kefalos Bay, the beaches on this side of the island are less dominated by package tourists. Note that practically every sort of water sport, including jet-skiing, can be found at Kardamena. Finally, for surfing, the extreme southwestern tip of the island, on the Kefalos peninsula near Ayios Theologos, offers an ideal stretch of remote shoreline.

Kos Island sites and attractions - Kos Island highlights ...
Kos is undisputedly one of the most beautiful islands of the Aegean Sea, lying in the centre of the Dodecanese chain, south east of continental Greece and north west of Rhodes. It is the third largest of the Dodecanese (a Greek word meaning "Twelve Islands") islands after Rhodes and Karpathos. Kos is a major province within the Dodecanese Prefecture and is the administrative capital of Nisyros, Giali, Pergoussa, Kandeliousa, Pahia and Strogili.

Kos island is part of a chain of mountains from which it became separated after earthquakes and subsidence that occurred in ancient times. These mountains include Kalymnos and Kappari which are separated by an underwater chasm 40 fathoms deep, as well as the volcano of Nisyros and the surrounding islands. There is a wide variety of rocks in Kos which is related to its geographical formation. Prominent among these are the Quaternary layers in which the fossil remains of mammals such as horses, hippopotami and elephants have been found. The fossil molar of an elephant of gigantic proportions was presented to the Paleontology Museum of the University of Athens.

The shores of Kos island are washed by the waters of the Karpathian Sea. Its geographical location is between latitude 36 degrees and 50 minutes north and longitude 27 degrees and 10 minutes east. Its coastline is 112 km long and is caressed by long immaculate beaches of golden sand. The main religion practiced is Orthodoxy and as such, Kos has one of the four Cathedrals in the entire Dodecanese. There is also a Roman Catholic Church on the island as well as a Mosque catering to the Muslim community of Kos. The Synagogue is no longer used for religious ceremonies as the Jewish community of Kos was practically wiped out by the Nazis in World War Two. It has however been restored and is maintained with all religious symbols intact and is now used by the Municipality of Kos for various events, mainly cultural.

Kos Island Nightlife - Clubs, Cafes & Restaurants
Kos nightlife is no more difficult to find than your own nose. Just go down to the harbor and follow the sounds of music. The port-side cafes opposite the daily excursion boats to Kalimnos are best in the early morning. Platanos, across from the Hippokrates Tree, has live music, often jazz; and just across from Platanos is the beginning of Bar Street, which needs no further introduction. The lively Fashion Club, Kanari 2, Dolphins Square, has the most impressive light-and-laser show. On Zouroudi there are two popular discos, Heaven and Calua, with its swimming pool. If you want to hit the bar scene, try the Hamam on Akti Kountourioti, Beach Boys at Kanari 57, or The Blues Brothers on Dolphins Square. Another option is an old-fashioned outdoor movie, Kos style, at the Open Cine Orfeas, Odos Vas. Yioryiou 10, showing relatively recent films, often in English.

Climate and weather in Kos Island GREECE
The sunny island of Kos in the north eastern Aegean Sea enjoys a typically Mediterranean climate, attracting holidaymakers to its shores throughout the hot dry summers. The average annual temperature on Kos is 25C, with the spring and autumn months bringing warm sunny weather, and winters staying fairly mild and gentle, with plenty of rainfall. The summer season begins around May, when temperatures in Kos are a pleasant 21C, reaching 25C by June. July and August tend to be extremely hot, and rainfall is practically non-existent during the height of the summer. Highs of over 30C are common, however temperatures average out at 28C, and the evenings do tend to cool down, with temperatures dropping to 22C at night. Like most of Greece and her islands, the island is blessed with plenty of sunshine, with the height of the summer sometimes seeing up to 12 hours of sun a day. For a break from the oppressive heat, many visitors find the spring and autumn the best time to visit Kos, when the temperatures ranges between 16C and 20C, there is plenty of sunshine and the sea is still warm enough to swim in. Winters on Kos are mild, with temperatures dropping to around 10C during January and February. Showers can be expected between October and May, with December being the wettest month, and rainfall decreasing dramatically after March. The sun continues to shine during the winter, with Kos still receiving roughly 4 or 5 hours a day during this time.

 
Kos Island Air Sea
January 13° C 17,9° C
February 15° C 17° C
March 17° C 16.9° C
April 21° C 17° C
May 26° C 19.5° C
June 30° C 22.5° C
July 31° C 24° C
August 30° C 25° C
September 27° C 25° C
October 20° C 23° C
November 17° C 20° C
December 15° C 19° C



Getting to Kos island - flights & ferries - Getting around ...
There are ferries from Piraeus that leave daily usually in the afternoon. The islands on the same route as Kos are Patmos, Leros, Kalymnos and Rhodes. These islands can be reached daily from Kos. There are occasionally boats to Syros and to Samos and Thessaloniki. There are daily boats to Bodrum in Turkey leaving at 17:00 each afternoon and returning at 10:00 next morning. This travel takes only 20 minutes. You may book online on https://www.blueguide.com. In the summer you can take a hydrofoil to Rhodes, Samos, Ikaria and Fourni. There are excursion boats which go to various beaches on the island as well as to the islands of Kalymnos, Pserimos, Plati, Nisyros and Giali.

Kos is connected throughout the year with Athens by Olympic Airway flights. The flights takes 50'. There are also many other flights, both on other Greek airlines and on charter flights from all over the world, whose destination is the airport of Kos. There are three flights a day between Athens and Kos. You can take a taxi to the airport or the Olympic Airways bus leaves the Kos office two hours before the flight. By sea there are numerous daily connections from Piraeus (the main port of Greece) and from several islands in the Dodecanese like Kalymnos, Nisyros, Patmos, Leros and Rhodes. There are also the hydrofoils to Rhodes, Patmos, Leros, and Samos. For additional information and for up-to-date timetables and schedules for ferry boats and hydrofoils, please contact info@blueguide.com.

Roads are reasonably good between the resorts with the main road from Kos Town to the airport and Kefalos being the only one you could reasonably call busy. Taxis are plentiful and found mostly around the harbour area beneath the minaret or across from the castle. Some of Kos taxi drivers speak English but some don't. Taxis fares are fixed but is often a good idea to negotiate a price before getting in. There are a couple of tourist trains operated by KTEL. A green one does a round trip of Kos Town and the blue one ferries people to the Asklepieion. They are pricey and slow but it is the only public transport to the Asklepieion from Kos Town.

Kos Town buses (DEAS) run routes around the town while KTEL buses take you everywhere else. Buses are frequent to the main resorts. The main bus station is in Kos Town, on Kleopatras Street. Tickets are bought on the bus although you get up to 30% off if you buy at the bus station. There are 10 buses daily to Tigaki, six to Kefalos via Paradise beaches, five to Mastichari and Pyli, three daily to Zia. Buses go from Kos Town every 30mins to Psaldi and Agios Fokas, Mesaria and Platani. Latest schedules are posted at Kos Town harbour and the bus station. Timetables are available free of charge, both in Greek and in English. Most DEAS town buses operate from the bus stop on the south side of the harbour.

Quick facts - Kos Island Overview
Kos sits bang in the middle of the Dodecanese chain of Greek islands that hug the Turkish coast. Kos is about 45km long its width varies from 2km to 11km. It is a popular resort with the British and it has gone for mass-market tourism in majority. Much has been ravished by package tourism, though it still has something to offer the more discerning visitor. The coast of Kos is swept by magnificent sandy beaches and the island has some of the most interesting archaeological sites in the Mediterranean. The combination of sand and sightseeing give Kos a uniquely broad appeal though most visitors will probably prefer beaches to history. And, for an all-in beach holiday Kos must be considered one of the best of the Greek islands. Isolated hotel complexes are now a more characteristic feature than villages or resorts, especially around Kos Town and Kardamena. While the island is too big to seem overcrowded, some visitors would have preferred hotel builders to stick to one particular area of the island as fewer empty coastal areas are left to be enjoyed.

A long, thin island - almost 64km end to end - Kos is also mostly flat and low-lying. In general the scenery is not outstanding by Greek standards. The main scenic interest is found in the more mountainous south of the island while the north is a flat, featureless and rather monotonous plain. Kos has remained one of the most popular package holiday destinations for many years. Tourist numbers are up seven per cent since 2000 at around 700,000, swamping the local population of 22,000. British visitor numbers hover around the 217,000 mark.

Kos town and Kardamena are the two biggest resorts but hotels have sprung up behind most beaches and some, especially along the flat northern coastline have been built in some pretty desolate spots. The flat plains have made cycling uniquely popular on Kos and there are some 5,000 cycles for hire at the height of the season. Excursions are popular and plentiful on Kos, not only around and across the island but to neighbouring islands such as Pserimos and also to Turkey. Kos is mostly flat and ideal for cycles. It is also one of the few, if not the only island to have dedicated cycle lanes over much of the island. The only road that is busy is the one from Kos town to Kefalos, all the others have little traffic and are safe for cycling. Don't try to heave your bike onto a bus, they won't let you. Bike hire is available in many places with prices from 4euro to 12euro a day, cheaper if you hire for several days. Cycles come with locks so you needn't worry about security but beware - they all look the same. it's a good idea to tie a coloured ribbon on it so you can spot which one is yours.

LOCATION OF THE PORT IN KOS ISLAND

Kos ferry port is situated in Kos town, in the north-east of the island, and is a lively and bustling port providing fast cat and ferry connections to many of the other Dodecanese islands and Turkey.

Daily fast cats are linking the port of Kos with Bodrum port in Turkey, book in advance online.

Daily routes are linking the port of Piraeus with Kos and from Kos Island also is also connected by ferry boats with the Dodecanese Islands (Kos and Rhodes), the Islands of the Northeastern Aegean (Ikaria and Samos) and Turkey.


GEOGRAPHICAL COORDINATES OF KOS ISLAND PORT

36°51′N 27°14′E


KOS ISLAND USEFUL TELEPHONES

Kos Port tel. +30 224 2028059
Our Office tel. +90 252 417 11 28
Kos Harbour Master tel. +30 2242 0 26594-6
Kos Customs tel. +30 2242 2022218
Kos Coast Guard tel. 108

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